Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis which is the most common type of reddness. Eczema is an inflammatory skin disease flared up by rashes or itching. It is caused due to family history or any other skin conditions prone to this disease. The actual cause of this skin disease is unknown but it is thought to be linked to the immune system or an allergy associated with the family history or some disease like asthma. It is chronic skin problem whose patches are dry, rashy, irritated, cracked and red or black in color.
You have continuous itching problem and in extreme cases oozing problems. Sometimes there is a sudden increase in the itching and sudden decrements in the infection. This happens to people with a sensitive group of conditions. This skin problem may be severe depending on the conditions. It can appear on the face, legs, knees, wrists, feet or hands. It can affect other areas and can be mild, moderate or severe. It is not infectious or contagious skin disease.
A staphylococcus aureus, which enthralls on the skin, is a bacterium with most common eczema. It can form severe infection with no signs.
Symptoms due to which eczema flare-up:
- Highly irritating and dry skin.
- Red, patchy and inflamed skin.
- Sometimes the skin becomes bled and lachrymose.
- Sometimes it causes infection in the areas of the skin.
- The severity and ups and downs (flare up) can vary from person to person and time to time.
The rate of eczema is developing rapidly and is observed to be 1 to 5 in 20 persons.
Causes or reason behind the formation of eczema:
- Hereditary conditions.
- Dirt or Pollution.
- Skin Allergies to dust.
- Lifestyle or diet.
- Climatic conditions.
Basic Treatment of Eczema:
- You should soak your infected area in warm water, bleach, salt, vinegar, baking soda. Taking shower and moisturizing it on timely basis acts as a basic treatment for a disease called eczema.
- Before the things get worsen you should immediately consult a skin specialist for the ailment of the disease. Take the prescribed medicines on time and don’t expect instant improvements. You should keep the patchy area clean, dry and protect it from harmful radiations of the sun and avoid infectious condition.
- Apply the steroids and the cream until the rash has completely vanished. You can also rub it with natural oils to clear the cracked skin.
- Studies have shown that getting enough Vitamin D in day to day life can improve your skin conditions.
- Having control on the skin conditions over dry, humid, and winter climate can help cure the disease.
- There are many techniques involved in healing this disease like acupressure, phototherapy, drugs like glucocorticosteroids, Antihisthamines can act as a strong therapy for the ailment.
- Use gentle soaps on the infected area as well as all over the body.
- Don’t take longer baths or showers.
- Moisturize the skin with a good moisturizer daily.
- Dry and pat your skin carefully and avoid triggers that increase the chances of inflammation.